Mold remediation is the process of performing removing, cleaning, sanitizing, or demolition treatment on a home or building which is suffering from excessive mold growth in order to eliminate the mold safely, efficiently and permanently.
If mold remediation is done correctly, all traces of the mold will be eradicated from the building, leaving it one hundred percent safe and fungus-free. However, mold remediation is often not trusted by homeowners or those buying a home which has undergone the process. Much of this lack of confidence in mold remediation stems from ignorance and misunderstanding regarding the process of mold remediation itself and the extent to which it is truly effective in removing mold for good.
Fix the Root of the Problem
The first step in mold remediation is fixing the problem that caused the mold to grow in the first place. Cleaning up existing mold is pointless if it will simply be replaced with new mold after moisture accumulates again in that area. Because mold thrives in areas that are perpetually wet, the majority of cases of mold growth in homes and buildings are caused by a leaking pipe or appliance, insufficient drainage in bathrooms, a dripping roof, or other water-related issue. Therefore, mold remediation must begin with identifying the cause of the mold growth and fixing it before any actual mold removal can start.
Contain the Contamination
Before the mold is touched, cleaned, or removed, the area that contains the mold must be cut off from the remainder of the home or building. When a patch of mold is disturbed and removed, it can release mold spores into the air that can be dangerous to the health of those who are nearby if they accidentally inhale them. In order to protect humans and animals living or spending time within the building, the contaminated molded area must be isolated from the rest of the building before the mold remediation begins.
Demolition versus Sanitation
The process of mold remediation itself varies greatly depending on the situation. In cases where mold is growing within flooring, walls, or otherwise inside the structure of a building, or in which the mold is too dense to remove or has eaten away part of the structure beneath it, mold remediation can involve drilling into the structure and demolishing or replacing parts of it in order to effectively remove the mold and ensure that it does not return.
However, in cases where mold growth is limited or it is growing in plain sight in an easily accessible area, mold remediation is less invasive and can be performed through a cleaning and removal process rather than demolition. Mold remediation through cleaning and sanitation can be performed using bleach, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, borax, or vinegar.
These substances are varyingly effective on different materials; some are effective at removing mold from porous materials such as wood as well as non-porous materials, while some can only remove it from glass or tile. Professional mold remediation specialists will likely use a special solution using one or more of these ingredients that has been proven effective on the specific surface the mold is growing on in order to clean and remove it efficiently.